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North Cadbury Church of England Primary School

‘To be the best we can be’

Home Page

North Cadbury Church of England Primary School

‘To be the best we can be’

Early Reading and Phonics

What is Phonics?


Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.

Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read.


Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.


Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch.


Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters tpa and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”.

How is Phonics Taught?

Introducing young children to the joy and wonder of books requires a systematic teaching of phonics.


Synthetic Phonics


The most widely used approach associated with the teaching of reading in which phonemes (sounds) associated with particular graphemes (letters) are pronounced in isolation and blended together (synthesised). For example, children are taught to take a single-syllable word such as cat apart into its three letters, pronounce a phoneme for each letter in turn /k, æ, t/, and blend the phonemes together to form a word.


We teach synthetic phonics in a multi sensory and fun way that all the children engage with.



SSP - Systematic Synthetic Phonics


Along with many other primary schools in England we are currently reviewing our SSP in order to ensure that we comply with new Government Guidelines. Once we have decided on a scheme that meets all our needs we will update this page further.


Please be assured that for now we will continue to follow the Letters and Sounds format as it has given us excellent results over the last two years (in excess of 85%).